Diseases-Treatments Sexual Health

Painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea) and Acupuncture

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During menstruation or just before the groin, abdominal pain is called dismenorrhea or menstrual cramps.

It often occurs in the first 1-2 years after the beginning of the menstrual process in women and lasts until the age of forty. After childbirth, pain can be mild. The cause of pain is the hormone secreted from the uterus called prostaglandin. Prostaglandin causes pain and contraction in the uterus. The pain begins 1-2 days before menstruation starts, it becomes apparent on the first day of the period and decreases on day 2. The pain is intermittent cramps in the lower part of the abdomen. Pain can hit the spine, the waist, the groin and the vulva. Pain can accompany symptoms such as sweating, fatigue, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, fainting, constipation. 

Why do painful menstruation occur?

The cause of pain in menstrual period is the contractions of the uterus (uterine) to discard the inner layer. These contractions are felt as a woman’s pain. One of the most important causes of pain occurring in primary dysmenorrhea is the increase of prostoglandin levels in the uterus. Depending on this, contraction in the uterus, ischemia (reduction in bleeding) is seen.  

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How does acupuncture effect?

Acupuncture reduces the level of prostoglandine through the Hypothalamo-Pitituvar-Ovaryal-aksis (brain – ovarian hormone tract), improves uterine bleeding, and prevents uterine contration.

Disease symptoms

  • Menstrual irregularity
  • Pre-menstrual tension syndrome (PMS)

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