Oral cancer is understood as cancer in the area restricted to lip, tongue, upper and lower jaw alveolar mucosa, brim, tongue, mouth base and throat region. 1/3 of oral cancers hold the throat area while the remaining 2/3 sections hold the mouth cavity. Oral cancers constitute a portion of 2-4% of all cancer cases. On the other hand, oral cancers are seen much higher in South East Asian countries. For example, in India, 45% of all cancer cases are oral cancers. It is known that 95% of oral cancer patients are individuals over the age of 40 and the average age is 60 during the diagnosis of the disease. Female/male ratio is ½. In 75% of cases, the main cause is accepted as alcohol and cigarettes.
As with many species of cancer, it is important to provide the most benefit from treatment, to prevent the spread of cancer to other parts of the body and to prevent the difficulty of speaking with the percentage of deformities that can occur in early diagnosis.
The first sign of oral cancer
Swelling and stains that have long been in the mouth and do not show signs of passing, any cracks, swelling or ulcers that do not heal in oral or lip pain may be the first symptom for oral cancer. A developing tumor may not cause pain, but it may produce ulcers that may lead to bleeding. Language cancer is mostly painful and causes the tongue to become abnormally hard and unbending. The difficulty of properly speaking or swallowing can be seen as a sense of numbness. These stains may be pioneering cancer lesions when white spots (Leukoplaki) or red spots (Erythroplasia) occur continuously in the mouth. It’s also very dangerous to keep a lot of tobacco in the mouth for a long time. This is often caused by leukoplakia, which is considered a leading cancer condition.
Other factors triggering the development of oral cancer
Excessive alcohol consumption, especially hard alcoholic beverages, alcohol and smoking together (the smoking of cancer-producing substances in the cigarette smoke increases with alcohol and alcohol and cigarette smoke is an important reason), Non-seated dentures, especially when the teeth are jagged or pointed, do not care, the constant irritation of the tongue due to any sharp edge in the teeth can be counted.
Diagnosis of oral cancer
Any swelling or tissue change in the mouth not exceeding within a month should be reported to the doctor. A direct examination of the lesion or a small biopsy may be diagnosed. Computed tomography or MRI scans may be useful to determine the size of the cancer and whether it affects bones or other regions.
Oral Cancer Treatment
Treatment usually involves removing all cancerous tissues by surgical intervention, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or all of these methods together. One or several combinations of these treatments are determined according to the type of tumor, the disease and the condition of the patient. Again, the rankings of these treatments can vary in various situations.
When oral cancer is treated early, the possibility of recovery is high. It may be necessary to perform a reconstructive surgery on soft tissue or skin after surgery or replace the bones with prostheses. In the treatment, patients who have changed their mouths may need to receive restorer dentistry, speech therapy and nutritional counseling services. Psychological support for people with varying conversations or views may also be necessary.
If you are using tobacco products, if you are getting a lot of alcohol, if you are experiencing continuous sunlight, if you have habits such as chewing cheek or lip-biting, if you have good-looking moving prostheses and in two weeks of face neck and mouth Swelling of the wounds, lips, gums, or other areas in the mouth, the regional color differences that occur in white, red or dark mouth, recurrent hemorrhages in the mouth, numbness or decrease in the feeling or the mouth or neck If you feel pain in the area of your ear-nose-throat physician or your dentist or dermatology specialist or your family physician, perhaps by creating an early diagnosis, you can safely remove the cancerous tissues from you Will.