Small tweaks and trivial modifications can all add up to big results. Exercise and a proper fitness regime is a big part of hyperthyroidism treatment. By exercise, we mean the right kind of exercises. Spending an insane number of hours on your treadmill can play havoc on your cortisol levels which can further escalate your thyroid levels and worsen your hyperthyroid symptoms. Yoga is particularly therapeutic and very effective in addressing in hyperthyroid issues.
1. Shoulder Stand
The shoulder stand helps massage and tone the thyroid gland. It also helps stimulate the pituitary and pineal glands, and helps them function better. These glands also help impact the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- Get into Shavasana (corpse poses).
- Now, bring your together your feet and place your hand sideways close to your body.
- Bring your legs close to your chest.
- Raise your lower body slowly (similar to Halasana or plow pose).
- Take your hands, place them on your back and slowly lift your legs up.
- Your entire body should be in straight alignment with your upper arm supporting your back.
- Hold the pose, begin with 10 seconds and breathe normally.
- Now gradually fold your leg from the knee.
- Take the support of your hands; get your upper body down.
- Lie down on the mat and rest.
- Lie down in Shavasana for as long as you held Sarvangasana. Don’t get up suddenly, instantly after finishing it.
2. Halasana (Plough pose)
Hala means plow. The pose resembles the Indian plow, hence it is also called halasana. This yoga exercise compresses your neck and stimulates the thyroid glands, and hence boosts metabolism.
- Get a mat and lie down straight with your hands on either side.
- Slowly raise your legs together followed by your hips. Use your hands to support your back.
- Take your legs backward right over your head, towards the floor.
- Gently, plant your toes on the ground. Then, place your arms back on the side.
- Hold this pose for as long as possible and while you do, breathe slowly and keep looking forward.
- As the blood rushes to your head, count your breath to 100.
- Once you’re done, support your lower back with your hands and bring your legs back to lie down straight. Breathe out while you do this.
3. Matsyasana (Fish pose)
Matsya literally means fish; this asana is so called because it resembles a fish. Matsyasana stretches the neck region, thereby stimulating the thyroid gland.
- Lie down on your back with legs wide apart.
- Now, bring together your legs and your hands with your palms out, right over your head, point your toes out and go into a full body stretch.
- Repeat this twice, breathe mindfully, inhaling and exhaling slowly.
- Now, keep your hands under your torso, nearing the glutes. Bring in the hands as much as possible.
- Raise your body with your body weight resting on your elbows.
- Drop back your head and arch your back with your feet together but relaxed.
- Ease your body into relaxation mode, focus on mindful breathing, and relax your eyes, head, and mind.
- Keep breathing normally.
- Bring your head back up, gaze at your toes and slowly bring your body down.
- Spread your palms out, keep your hands and legs apart, relax.
- Roll your wrists to relax your wrists.
- Move you neck left to right.
- Bring your toes close together, interlace your fingers and rest your neck on your hands.
- Now, counter the neck position. Move in the front, left and right, diagonally with your back resting on the floor.
4. Viparitakarni (Inverted Pose)
The literal meaning of Viparita is ‘reverse’ and Karni means is ‘by which’. Viparitakarni helps balance the functioning of the thyroid hormone and eases thyroid symptoms. This is also one of the most important asanas for thyroid disorder.
- Start by finding one open space near a wall and sit right next to it, such that your feet touch the floor, spread in front of you, and the left side of your body is touching the wall.
- Breathe out and lie down on your back, ensuring that the back of your legs presses against the wall and that the soles of your feet face upwards.
- Place your buttocks a little away from the wall or stack them against the wall.
- Make sure your back and head stay on the floor. You will find your body forming a 90-degree angle.
- Lift your hips up and slide a prop under them to aid your movement. You could also with the help of your hands, support your hips and coerce your body to form a curve.
- Keep your head and neck both in a neutral position and soften your throat and your face.
- Close your eyes and continue to breathe. Hold the position for at least five minutes. Release and roll over to any one side. Breathe before you sit up.
5. Bhujangasana (The cobra poses)
Resembling a cobra, this pose involves all sorts of compressing and stretching in the neck and stimulates and regulates the thyroid glands.
- Lie down comfortably on a yoga mat with your toes flat on the floor. Rest your forehead on the ground.
- Keep your feet together, your heels touching one other with the top portion of the feet placed against the floor. Place your palms downwards, under the shoulders, and keep your elbows parallel and bring them closer to your torso.
- Take a deep breath in; gradually raise your head, chest, and abdomen while your navel touches touch the floor.
- Now, pull your torso back and off the floor with the support of your hands. Breathe calmly and stay in that position for a count of 5 to 10 breaths.
- Exhale and gently bring your abdomen, chest, and head back to the floor.
6. Setubandh Sarvangasana (Bridge formation pose)
This is one of the more impactful yoga poses for thyroid problems. While performing Setubandh Sarvangasana, if the practitioner is successful in forming a good bridge, the neck is stretched out greatly, which helps stimulate the thyroid gland.
- Start the asana by lying down on your back.
- Bend your knees and plant your feet on the floor hip-width apart. Make sure that your ankles and knees are in a straight line.
- Let your arms rest by your side, with your palms facing downwards.
- Breathe in, and lift your back (lower, upper, and middle) off the floor. Roll in your shoulders and ensure that your chin touches your chest without you having to move it. Your weight should be supported by your shoulders, feet, and arms.
- Tighten up your buttocks. Make sure your thighs are parallel to each other and stay on the floor.
- Interlock your fingers and press your hands hard on the ground to move your torso higher.
- Hold the posture for at least a minute. Breathe mindfully, be aware of each breath.
- Breathe and release the pose.