Unlike Cushing’s syndrome, Addison’s disease does not produce enough steroid hormones in the cortex portion of adrenal gland. Addison’s disease can be seen at any age, including infancy. The incidence of men and women is equal.
The main symptoms of the disease are:
- Bitness, weakness, loss of consciousness
- Weight loss, decreased appetite, anemia
- Dark color of skin
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
- Diarrhea, indigestion is abdominal pain accompanied by vomiting or constipation.
- Addison’s patients can sometimes get into an acute crisis. In this crisis characterized as an emergency, the patient has acute adrenal insufficiency, loss of water, diarrhea, vomiting and loss of consciousness.
Acute adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s crisis) can occur due to problems of physical stress, infection, injury, etc. The treatment of acute adrenal insufficiency is done in the hospital because it is a life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical care, including salt solutions and injection of steroid hormones.